Yen Extends Broad-Based Rally; RBA and BoE to Hike and Lots of Data

News

Yen’s broad-based rally continues in quiet Asian session today. Dollar and European majors are generally steady. Some weakness is seen in Aussie and Canadian, but selling is so far limited. In other markets, sentiment is mixed with slight recovery seen in some Asian stock markets, including Japan. Gold is consolidating last week’s gain and remains firm. A lot of important events are scheduled for the week, including two central bank meetings and some market-moving economic data.

Technically, a major focus remains on when a breakout will happen in EUR/USD. For now, break of 1.0277 minor resistance is in favor. In that case, further rise should be seen to channel resistance at around 1.0460. But even if that happens, it would be interesting to see if it’s accompanied by deeper correction in Dollar, or a stronger rebound in Euro elsewhere, or both.

In Asia, at the time of writing, Nikkei is up 0.62%. Hong Kong HSI is down -0.32%. China Shanghai SSE is up 0.16%. Singapore Strait Times is up 0.89%. Japan 10-year JGB yield is up 0.0077 at 0.191.

China Caixin PMI manufacturing dropped to 50.4, continued recovery

China Caixin PMI Manufacturing dropped from 51.7 to 50.4 in July, below expectation of 51.5. Caixin said there were softer increases in output and new orders. Employment fell at quicker pace. Input cost inflation slowed notably while prices charged fell again.

Wang Zhe, Senior Economist at Caixin Insight Group said: “In general, the eased Covid situation and restrictions facilitated a continuous recovery in the manufacturing sector in July. Supply and demand continued to improve, with supply stronger than demand. Employment lagged, remaining in contractionary territory. Costs gradually rose, with output prices on the decline, posing challenges for company profits. The market held on to positive sentiment, along with concerns about the economic outlook.

Released yesterday, the official PMI manufacturing dropped from 50.2 to 49.0, back in contraction. PMI non-manufacturing dropped form 54.7 to 53.8.

Japan PMI manufacturing finalized at 52.1, headline masked worrying trends

Japan PMI Manufacturing was finalized at 52.1 in July, down from June’s 52.7. That’s the lowest level since September 2021. S&P Global said there were renewed reductions in output and new orders. The softest rise in outstanding business 17 months was due to weaker demand. Rising prices and delivery delays led to accelerated stock building.

Usamah Bhatti, Economist at S&P Global Market Intelligence, said: “The headline PMI masked some worrying trends when looking at the underlying sub-indices, which add downside risks for the sector. New order inflows fell for the first time in ten months and at the fastest pace since November 2020, which contributed to a renewed contraction in production levels – the first since February.

“Weaker demand conditions also contributed to reduced pressure on operating capacity. Backlogs of work increased at the softest rate in 17 months… Anecdotal evidence also pointed to an acceleration in stock building activity among Japanese goods producers.”

Australia AiG manufacturing dropped to 52.5, manufacturers simply can’t meet demand

Australia AiG Performance of Manufacturing Index dropped -1.5 to 52.5 in July. Looking at some details, production dropped sharply by -7.2 to 47.5. Employment dropped -0.9 to 50.1. New orders rose 4.2 to 59.9. Supplier deliveries dropped -4.1 to 47.4. Exports dropped -1.8 to 51.2. Input prices dropped -9.6 to 79.7. Selling prices dropped -3.3 to 64.5.

Innes Willox, Chief Executive of Ai Group said: “The supply and labour constraints afflicting the Australian economy are weighing heavily on the manufacturing sector. Production and employment both fell in July, as manufacturers struggle with chronic labour shortages and supply chain interruptions. New orders rose this month, but our manufacturers simply can’t meet this demand without more workers.”

Fed Kashkari: Technically in a recession or not, Fed is committed to fight inflation

Minneapolis Fed President Neel Kashkari said in a CBS interview on Sunday, “we are a long way away from achieving an economy that is back at 2% inflation, and that’s where we need to get to.”

“Whether we are technically in a recession or not doesn’t change my analysis,” he added. “I’m focused on the inflation data. I’m focused on the wage data. And so far, inflation continues to surprise us to the upside. Wages continue to grow.”

“Typically, recessions demonstrate high job losses, high unemployment, those are terrible for American families. And we’re not seeing anything like that,” he said.

“Whether we are technically in a recession or not doesn’t change the fact that the Federal Reserve has its own work to do, and we are committed to doing it,” Kashkari said.

RBA and BoE to continue tightening, US ISMs and NFP watched

Two central banks will meet this week. RBA is expected to raise interest rate by another 50bps to 1.85%. Currently, there are some expectations that RBA’s tightening will continue through the estimated neutral rate, which is at least at 2.5% as Governor Philip Lowe indicated. Some analysts expected the cycle to continue to a terminal rate at 3.35%. The markets will look for more clues on these assessments in the Monetary Policy Statement too.

BoE is expected to step up its effort in fighting inflation, and raise interest rate by 50bps to 1.75% this week. But there are opinions that the central bank will only continue with the steady pace of 25bps. So there is an element of surprise there. Additionally, new economic forecasts will be released with the monetary policy report, which will give much information for the markets to scrutinize.

The data calendar is also very busy with US ISM indexes and non-farm payroll catching most attention. Additionally, Fed is now expected to start slowing the pace of rate hikes to 50bps in September, but that’s subject to the upcoming two job report, inflation, as well as other data. Elsewhere, China PMIs, New Zealand employment and Canada employment will also be closely watched.

Here are some highlights for the week:

  • Monday: Australia AiG manufacturing, MI inflation gauge; New Zealand building permits; Japan PMI manufacturing final; China Caixin PMI manufacturing; Germany retail sales; Eurozone PMI manufacturing final, unemployment rate; UK PMI manufacturing final; US ISM manufacturing, construction spending.
  • Tuesday: Japan monetary base; RBA rate decision, Australia building approvals; Swiss SECO consumer climate, PMI manufacturing; Canada PMI manufacturing.
  • Wednesday: Australia AiG construction, retail sales; New Zealand employment; China Caixin PMI services; Germany trade balance; Swiss CPI; Eurozone PMI services final, PPI, retail sales; UK PMI services final; US ISM services; factory orders.
  • Thursday: Australia trade balance; Germany factory orders; ECB monthly bulletin; UK PMI construction, BoE rate decision; Canada building permits, trade balance; US jobless claims trade balance.
  • Friday: Australia AiG services; Japan average cash earnings, leading indicators, household spending; Canada employment, Ivey PMI; US non-farm payroll employment.

EUR/JPY Daily Outlook

Daily Pivots: (S1) 135.43; (P) 136.38; (R1) 137.21; More….

EUR/JPY’s decline continues today and intraday bias stays on the downside for 100% projection of 144.26 to 136.85 from 142.31 at 134.90, and possibly below. Strong support should be seen from 134.11 to complete the correction from 144.26. On the upside, above 137.31 minor resistance will turn intraday bias neutral first. However, sustained break of 134.11 will carry larger bearish implications and target 161.8% projection at 130.32.

In the bigger picture, up trend from 114.42 (2020 low) is seen as the third leg of the pattern from 109.30 (2016 low). Further rally is in favor as long as 134.11 resistance turned support holds, even in case of deep pull back. Next target is 149.76 (2015 high). However, sustained break of 134.11 will be a sign of medium term bearish reversal and turn focus to 124.37 support for confirmation.

Economic Indicators Update

GMT Ccy Events Actual Forecast Previous Revised
22:30 AUD AiG Performance of Mfg Index Jul 52.5 54
22:45 NZD Building Permits M/M Jun -2.30% -0.50%
00:30 JPY Manufacturing PMI Jul F 52.1 52.2 52.2
01:00 AUD TD Securities Inflation M/M Jul 1.20% 0.30%
01:45 CNY Caixin Manufacturing PMI Jul 50.4 51.5 51.7
06:00 EUR Germany Retail Sales M/M Jun 0.60%
07:45 EUR Italy Manufacturing PMI Jul 49.1 50.9
07:50 EUR France Manufacturing PMI Jul F 49.6 49.6
07:55 EUR Germany Manufacturing PMI Jul F 49.2 49.2
08:00 EUR Eurozone Manufacturing PMI Jul F 49.6 49.6
08:00 EUR Italy Unemployment Jun 8.10% 8.10%
08:30 GBP Manufacturing PMI Jul F 52.2 52.2
09:00 EUR Eurozone Unemployment Rate Jun 6.60% 6.60%
13:45 USD Manufacturing PMI Jul F 52.3 52.3
14:00 USD ISM Manufacturing PMI Jul 52 53
14:00 USD ISM Manufacturing Prices Paid Jul 73.5 78.5
14:00 USD ISM Manufacturing Employment Index Jul 47.3
14:00 USD Construction Spending M/M Jun 0.20% -0.10%

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