National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange (NCDEX) will be relaunching the Robusta Cherry AB Coffee Futures contract for trading from September 30, 2022. Initially, monthly contracts expiring in the months of February 2023, March 2023 and April 2023 would be made available for trading from the launch date. The contract will be a compulsory delivery contract and deliverable at Kushalnagar in Karnataka.
“Production of coffee is dominated by small growers in
states, who are vulnerable to the price volatility in the domestic market due to its global linkage. The contract being launched would enable these growers to hedge their price risks, individually and collectively. Moreover, as the commodity has a strong global footprint, this would be a significant step in achieving Atma Nirbharta (self-sufficiency) as far as providing our coffee value chain participants an indigenous source of benchmark pricing is concerned. Also, with this contract we hope to bring down the complexity of trade and make it easier,” said Arun Raste, Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer, NCDEX.
He said this launch has a special significance from the NCDEX point of view as it marks the Exchange venturing into South India for the first time as Indian coffee is almost entirely produced in Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
The contract will have a daily price limit of 6% (4% + 2%), which means once the price reaches 4% cap on either side the trading will be halted for a cooling period of 15 minutes, after which another 2% movement can be allowed on the same side until the end of the session. The lot size of the contract has been fixed at 1 metric tonne in line with physical trade in the commodity.
“Globally, coffee has been one of the top traded soft-commodity contracts. But in the absence of any hedging tool domestically, the Indian growers had little options available to take benefit of such activities. Even for price discovery, they had to rely completely on international exchanges. As India exports over 60% of the produce, the indigenous coffee futures contract will prove to be a boon for exporters in exercising price risk management domestically,” said Mr. Kapil Dev, Chief Business Officer at NCDEX.
At around 350,000 tonnes per annum, India accounts for 3.5-4.0% of the global coffee output pegged at around 10 million tonnes. Karnataka accounts for nearly 71% of the country’s total production followed by Kerala at 21% and Tamil Nadu at 5%. Nearly 65% of the output is exported and the rest is consumed in the country. The demand for coffee has been growing in the domestic market as well and so is the expansion of plantations in non-traditional areas of Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and North-Eastern states.